In the visual arts, Romanticism first showed itself in landscape painting, where from as early as the 1760s British artists began to turn to wilder landscapes and storms, and Gothic architecture, this movement began to fade out by the 1850’s and gave us artists like Francisco Goya, Eugène Delacroix, J. M. W. Turner
Realism is the precise, detailed and accurate representation in art of the visual appearance of scenes and objects it was popular from the 1830’s-1870’s artists of the style include: Jules Breton, Édouard Manet, Gustave Courbet.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form the seven-member “brotherhood”. Their principles were shared by other artists, including Marie Spartali Stillman and Ford Madox Brown. A later, medievalising strain inspired by Rossetti included Edward Burne-Jones and extended into the twentieth century with artists such as John William Waterhouse.
Stay tuned for more of what I don’t know about Art. Part Three tomorrow.